Volume 1 Issue 4
December  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Bo Tong, Ziyu Song, Hao Wu, Xingxing Wang, Wenfang Feng, Zhibin Zhou, Heng Zhang. Ion transport and structural design of lithium-ion conductive solid polymer electrolytes: a perspective[J]. Materials Futures, 2022, 1(4): 042103. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ac9e6b
Citation: Bo Tong, Ziyu Song, Hao Wu, Xingxing Wang, Wenfang Feng, Zhibin Zhou, Heng Zhang. Ion transport and structural design of lithium-ion conductive solid polymer electrolytes: a perspective[J]. Materials Futures, 2022, 1(4): 042103. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ac9e6b
Topical Review •

Ion transport and structural design of lithium-ion conductive solid polymer electrolytes: a perspective

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory
Materials Futures, Volume 1, Number 4
  • Received Date: 2022-09-30
  • Accepted Date: 2022-10-27
  • Publish Date: 2022-11-17
  • Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) possess several merits including no leakage, ease in process, and suppressing lithium dendrites growth. These features are beneficial for improving the cycle life and safety performance of rechargeable lithium metal batteries (LMBs), as compared to conventional non-aqueous liquid electrolytes. Particularly, the superior elasticity of polymeric material enables the employment of SPEs in building ultra-thin and flexible batteries, which could further expand the application scenarios of high-energy rechargeable LMBs. In this perspective, recent progresses on ion transport mechanism of SPEs and structural designs of electrolyte components (e.g. conductive lithium salts, polymer matrices) are scrutinized. In addition, key achievements in the field of single lithium-ion conductive SPEs are also outlined, aiming to provide the status quo in those SPEs with high selectivity in cationic transport. Finally, possible strategies for improving the performance of SPEs and their rechargeable LMBs are also discussed.

  • loading
  • [1]
    Armand M 1980 Materials for advanced batteries NATO Conf. Series vol 2 (Boston, MA) p 145
    Armand M et al 2020 Lithium-ion batteries–current state of the art and anticipated developments J. Power Sources 479 228708
    Xu K 2004 Nonaqueous liquid electrolytes for lithium-based rechargeable batteries Chem. Rev. 104 4303–18
    Xu K 2014 Electrolytes and interphases in Li-ion batteries and beyond Chem. Rev. 114 11503–618
    Zheng L P, Zhang H, Cheng P F, Ma Q, Liu J J, Nie J, Feng W F and Zhou Z B 2016 Li[(FSO2)(n-C4F9SO2)N] versus LiPF6 for graphite/LiCoO2 lithium-ion cells at both room and elevated temperatures: a comprehensive understanding with chemical, electrochemical and XPS analysis Electrochim. Acta 196 169–88
    Song Z Y et al 2022 Taming the chemical instability of lithium hexafluorophosphate-based electrolyte with lithium fluorosulfonimide salts J. Power Sources 526 231105
    Manuel Stephan A 2006 Review on gel polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries Eur. Polym. J. 42 21–42
    Billaud D, McRae E and Hérold A 1979 Synthesis and electrical resistivity of lithium-pyrographite intercalation compounds (stages I, II and III) Mater. Res. Bull. 14 857–64
    Judez X, Eshetu G G, Li C M, Rodriguez-Martinez L M, Zhang H and Armand M 2018 Opportunities for rechargeable solid-state batteries based on Li-intercalation cathodes Joule 2 2208–24
    Tian Y et al 2021 Promises and challenges of next-generation “beyond Li-ion” batteries for electric vehicles and grid decarbonization Chem. Rev. 121 1623–69
    Janek J and Zeier W G 2016 A solid future for battery development Nat. Energy 1 16141
    Bresser D, Hosoi K, Howell D, Li H, Zeisel H, Amine K and Passerini S 2018 Perspectives of automotive battery R&D in China, Germany, Japan, and the USA J. Power Sources 382 176–8
    Fenton D E, Parker J M and Wright P V 1973 Complexes of alkali metal ions with poly(ethylene oxide) Polymer 14 589
    Armand M, Chabagno J M and Duclot M J 1978 2th Int. Meeting on Solid Electrolyte in Fast Ion Transport in Solids St (Andrews, Scotland) pp 651
    Hallinan D T and Balsara N P 2013 Polymer electrolytes Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 43 503–25
    Qiao L X, Judez X, Rojo T, Armand M and Zhang H 2020 Review—polymer electrolytes for sodium batteries J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 070534
    Lago N, Garcia-Calvo O, Lopez Del Amo J M, Rojo T and Armand M 2015 All-solid-state lithium-ion batteries with grafted ceramic nanoparticles dispersed in solid polymer electrolytes ChemSusChem 8 3039–43
    Fan P, Liu H, Marosz V, Samuels N T, Suib S L, Sun L and Liao L 2021 High performance composite polymer electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries Adv. Funct. Mater. 31 2101380
    Yao P H, Yu H B, Ding Z Y, Liu Y C, Lu J, Lavorgna M, Wu J W and Liu X J 2019 Review on polymer-based composite electrolytes for lithium batteries Front. Chem. 7 522
    Zhu M, Wu J, Wang Y, Song M, Long L, Siyal S H, Yang X and Sui G 2019 Recent advances in gel polymer electrolyte for high-performance lithium batteries J. Energy Chem. 37 126–42
    Berthier C, Gorecki W, Minier M, Armand M, Chabagno J M and Rigaud P 1983 Microscopic investigation of ionic conductivity in alkali metal salts-poly(ethylene oxide) adducts Solid State Ion. 11 91–95
    Gorecki W, Donoso P, Berthier C, Mali M, Roos J, Brinkmann D and Armand M 1988 NMR, DSC and conductivity study of the polymer solid electrolytes P(EO) (LiCp+1F2p+3SO3)x Solid State Ion. 8–30 1018–22
    Wintersgill M C, Fontanella J J, Pak Y S, Greenbaum S G, Al-Mudaris A and Chadwick A V 1989 Electrical conductivity, differential scanning calorimetry and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of amorphous poly(ethylene oxide) complexed with sodium salts Polymer 30 1123–26
    Stoeva Z, Martin-Litas I, Staunton E, Andreev Y G and Bruce P G 2003 Ionic conductivity in the crystalline polymer electrolytes PEO6:LiXF6, X = P, As, Sb J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 4619–26
    Zhang C, Andreev Y G and Bruce P G 2007 Crystalline small-molecule electrolytes Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 46 2848–50
    Zhang C, Gamble S, Ainsworth D, Slawin A M, Andreev Y G and Bruce P G 2009 Alkali metal crystalline polymer electrolytes Nat. Mater. 8 580–4
    Angell C A, Fan J, Liu C, Lu Q, Sanchez E and Xu K 1994 Li-conducting ionic rubbers for lithium battery and other applications Solid State Ion. 69 343–53
    Forsyth M, Sun J, Macfarlane D R and Hill A J 2000 Compositional dependence of free volume in PAN/LiCF3SO3 polymer-in-salt electrolytes and the effect on ionic conductivity J. Polym. Sci. B 38 341–50
    McLin M G and Angell C A 1992 Frequency-dependent conductivity, relaxation times, and the conductivity/viscosity coupling problem, in polymer-electrolyte solutions: LiClO4 and NaCF3SO3 in PPO 4000 Solid State Ion. 53–56 1027–36
    Ratner M A and Shriver D F 1988 Ion transport in solvent-free polymers Chem. Rev. 88 109–24
    Angell C A, Liu C and Sanchez E 1993 Rubbery solid electrolytes with dominant cationic transport and high ambient conductivity Nature 362 137–9
    Wright P V 2002 Developments in polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries MRS Bull. 27 597–602
    Gao H, Grundish N S, Zhao Y, Zhou A and Goodenough J B 2021 Formation of stable interphase of polymer-in-salt electrolyte in all-solid-state lithium batteries Energy Mater. Adv. 2021 1–10
    Feng L and Cui H 1996 A new solid-state electrolyte: rubbery ‘polymer-in-salt’ containing LiN(CF3SO2)2 J. Power Sources 63 145–8
    Li Y, Ding F, Xu Z, Sang L, Ren L, Ni W and Liu X 2018 Ambient temperature solid-state Li-battery based on high-salt-concentrated solid polymeric electrolyte J. Power Sources 397 95–101
    Zhao Y, Bai Y, Bai Y, An M, Chen G, Li W, Li C and Zhou Y 2018 A rational design of solid polymer electrolyte with high salt concentration for lithium battery J. Power Sources 407 23–30
    Wright P V 1976 An anomalous transition to a lower activation energy for dc electrical conduction above the glass-transition temperature J. Polym. Sci. B Polym. Phys. 14 955–7
    Abraham K M, Jiang Z and Carroll B 1997 Highly conductive PEO-like polymer electrolytes Chem. Mater. 9 1978–88
    Jacob M, Prabaharan S and Radhakrishna S 1997 Effect of PEO addition on the electrolytic and thermal properties of PVDF-LiClO4 polymer electrolytes Solid State Ion. 104 267–76
    Bandara L R A K, Dissanayake M A K L and Mellander B-E 1998 Ionic conductivity of plasticized(PEO)−LiCF3SO3 electrolytes Electrochim. Acta 43 1447–51
    Frech R, Chintapalli S, Bruce P G and Vincent C A 1999 Crystalline and amorphous phases in the poly(ethylene oxide)−LiCF3SO3 System Macromolecules 32 808–13
    Jayathilaka P A R D, Dissanayake M A K L, Albinsson I and Mellander B E 2002 Effect of nano-porous Al2O3 on thermal, dielectric and transport properties of the (PEO) 9LiTFSI polymer electrolyte system Electrochim. Acta 18 1–103
    Appetecchi G B, Shin J H, Alessandrini F and Passerini S 2005 0.6Ah Li/V2O5 battery prototypes based on solvent-free PEO−LiN(SO2CF2CF3)2 polymer electrolytes J. Power Sources 143 236–42
    Boaretto N, Meabe L, Martinez-Ibañez M, Armand M and Zhang H 2020 Review—polymer electrolytes for rechargeable batteries: from nanocomposite to nanohybrid J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 070524
    Zhang H and Armand M 2021 History of solid polymer electrolyte-based solid-state lithium metal batteries: a personal account Isr. J. Chem. 61 94–100
    Takahashi Y and Tadokoro H 1973 Structural studies of polyethers, (−(CH2)m−O−)n. X. crystal structure of poly(ethylene oxide) Macromolecules 6 672–5
    Johansson P 2001 First principles modelling of amorphous polymer electrolytes: Li+–PEO, Li+–PEI, and Li+–PES complexes Polymer 42 4367–73
    Robitaille C D and Fauteux D 1986 Phase diagrams and conductivity characterization of some PEO - LiX electrolytes J. Electrochem. Soc. 133 315–25
    Ballard D G H, Cheshire P, Mann T S and Przeworski J E 1990 Ionic conductivity in organic solids derived from amorphous macromolecules Macromolecules 23 1256–64
    Oradd G, Edman L and Ferry A 2002 Diffusion: a comparison between liquid and solid polymer LiTFSI electrolytes Solid State Ion. 152–153 131–6
    Zardalidis G, Ioannou E, Pispas S and Floudas G 2013 Relating structure, viscoelasticity, and local mobility to conductivity in PEO/LiTf electrolytes Macromolecules 46 2705–14
    Zhang H, Liu C, Zheng L, Xu F, Feng W, Li H, Huang X, Armand M, Nie J and Zhou Z 2014 Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide/poly(ethylene oxide) polymer electrolyte Electrochim. Acta 133 529–38
    Xue Z, He D and Xie X 2015 Poly(ethylene oxide)-based electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries J. Mater. Chem. A 3 19218–53
    Eshetu G G, Judez X, Li C, Martinez-Ibañez M, Gracia I, Bondarchuk O, Carrasco J, Rodriguez-Martinez L M, Zhang H and Armand M 2018 Ultrahigh performance all solid-state lithium sulfur batteries: salt anion’s chemistry-induced anomalous synergistic effect J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140 9921–33
    Armand M 1986 Polymer electrolytes Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 16 245–61
    Han H et al 2011 Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) as conducting salt for nonaqueous liquid electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries: physicochemical and electrochemical properties J. Power Sources 196 3623–32
    Tong B, Wang P, Ma Q, Wan H, Zhang H, Huang X, Armand M, Feng W, Nie J and Zhou Z 2020 Lithium fluorinated sulfonimide-based solid polymer electrolytes for Li||LiFePO4 cell: the impact of anionic structure Solid State Ion. 358 115519
    Chiodelli G, Ferloni P, Magistris A and Sanesi M 1988 Ionic conduction and thermal properties of poly (ethylene oxide)-lithium tetrafluoroborate films Solid State Ion. 28–30 1009–13
    Sun H Y, Takeda Y, Imanishi N, Yamamoto O and Sohn H J 2000 Ferroelectric materials as a ceramic filler in solid composite polyethylene oxide-based electrolytes J. Electrochem. Soc. 147 2462–7
    Appetecchi G B, Henderson W, Villano P, Berrettoni M and Passerini S 2001 PEO-LiN(SO2CF2CF3)2 polymer electrolytes: i. XRD, DSC, and ionic conductivity characterization J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 A1171–8
    Karuppasamy K, Kim D, Kang Y H, Prasanna K and Rhee H W 2017 Improved electrochemical, mechanical and transport properties of novel lithium bisnonafluoro1-butanesulfonimidate (LiBNFSI) based solid polymer electrolytes for rechargeable lithium ion batteries J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 52 224–34
    Ma Q et al 2016 Novel Li[(CF3SO2)(n-C4F9SO2)N]-based polymer electrolytes for solid-state lithium batteries with superior electrochemical performance ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8 29705–12
    Liu D F, Nie J, Guan W C, Duan H Q and Zhuo L M 2004 Characterizations of a branched ester-type lithium imide in poly(ethylene oxide)-based polymer electrolytes Solid State Ion. 167 131–6
    Zhang H et al 2019 Enhanced lithium-ion conductivity of polymer electrolytes by selective introduction of hydrogen into the anion Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 58 7829–34
    Qiao L et al 2020 Trifluoromethyl-free anion for highly stable lithium metal polymer batteries Energy Storage Mater. 32 225–33
    Zhang H, Chen F, Lakuntza O, Oteo U, Qiao L, Martinez-Ibañez M, Zhu H, Carrasco J, Forsyth M and Armand M 2019 Suppressed mobility of negative charges in polymer electrolytes with an ether-functionalized anion Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58 12070–5
    Qiao L et al 2022 Anion pi–pi stacking for improved lithium transport in polymer electrolytes J. Am. Chem. Soc. 144 9806–16
    Martinez-Ibañez M, Sanchez-Diez E, Oteo U, Gracia I, Aldalur I, Eitouni H B, Joost M, Armand M and Zhang H 2022 Anions with a dipole: toward high transport numbers in solid polymer electrolytes Chem. Mater. 34 3451–60
    Zhang H, Song Z Y, Yuan W M, Feng W F, Nie J, Armand M, Huang X J and Zhou Z B 2021 Impact of negative charge delocalization on the properties of solid polymer electrolytes ChemElectroChem 8 1322–8
    Polu A R, Kim D K and Rhee H-W 2015 Poly(ethylene oxide)-lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate new solid polymer electrolytes: ion–polymer interaction, structural, thermal, and ionic conductivity studies Ionics 21 2771–80
    Wu X, Xin S, Seo H-H, Kim J, Guo Y-G and Lee J-S 2011 Enhanced Li+ conductivity in PEO–LiBOB polymer electrolytes by using succinonitrile as a plasticizer Solid State Ion. 186 1–6
    Zhang H, Judez X, Santiago A, Martinez-Ibañez M, Muñoz-Márquez M A, Carrasco J, Li C, Eshetu G G and ´ Armand M 2019 Fluorine-free noble salt anion for high-performance all-solid-state lithium–sulfur batteries Adv. Energy Mater. 9 1900763
    Egashira M, Scrosati B, Armand M, Be´ranger S and Michot C 2003 Lithium dicyanotriazolate as a lithium salt for poly(ethylene oxide) based polymer electrolytes Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 6 A71–3
    Jankowski P, Zukowska G Z, Dranka M, Marczewski M J, ˙ Ostrowski A, Korczak J, Niedzicki L, Zalewska A and Wieczorek W 2016 Understanding of lithium 4,5-dicyanoimidazolate–poly(ethylene oxide) system: influence of the architecture of the solid phase on the conductivity J. Phys. Chem. C 120 23358–67
    Linert W, Camard A, Armand M and Michot C 2002 Anions of low Lewis basicity for ionic solid state electrolytes Coord. Chem. Rev. 226 137–41
    Johansson P 2007 Electronic structure calculations on lithium battery electrolyte salts Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9 1493–8
    Meussdorffer J N N 1972 Bisperfluorakansulfonylimide (RfSO2)2NH Chem. Ztg. 96 582–3
    Lopes J N C, Shimizu K, Pádua A A H, Umebayashi Y, Fukuda S, Fujii K and Ishiguro S-I 2008 A tale of two ions: the conformational landscapes of bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide and N, N-dialkylpyrrolidinium J. Phys. Chem. B 112 1465–72
    Appel R and Eisenhauer G 1962 Die synthese des imidobisschwefelsäurefluorids, HN(SO2F)2 Chem. Ber. 95 246–8
    Christophe M et al 1995 Ionic conducting material having good anticorrosive properties WO526056A1
    Zhang H, Feng W F, Zhou Z B and Nie J 2014 Composite electrolytes of lithium salt/polymeric ionic liquid with bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide Solid State Ion. 256 61–67
    Zhang H, Arcelus O and Carrasco J 2018 Role of asymmetry in the physiochemical and electrochemical behaviors of perfluorinated sulfonimide anions for lithium batteries: a DFT study Electrochim. Acta 280 290–9
    Zhang L and Chen Y H 2021 Electrolyte solvation structure as a stabilization mechanism for electrodes Energy Mater. 1 100004
    Doyle M, Fuller T F and Newman J 1994 The importance of the lithium ion transference number in lithium/polymer cells Electrochim. Acta 39 2073–81
    Brissot C, Rosso M, Chazalviel J-N, Baudryb P and Lascaud S 1998 In situ study of dendritic growth in lithium/PEO-salt/lithium cells Electrochim. Acta 43 1569–74
    Oteo U, Martinez-Ibañez M, Aldalur I, Sanchez-Diez E, Carrasco J, Armand M and Zhang H 2019 Improvement of the cationic transport in polymer electrolytes with (difluoromethanesulfonyl)(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide salts ChemElectroChem 6 1019–22
    Zhang X, Daigle J C and Zaghib K 2020 Comprehensive review of polymer architecture for all-solid-state lithium rechargeable batteries Materials 13 2488
    Qiu J, Yang L, Sun G, Yu X, Li H and Chen L 2020 A stabilized PEO-based solid electrolyte via a facile interfacial engineering method for a high voltage solid-state lithium metal battery Chem. Commun. 56 5633–6
    Gray F M 1997 Polymer Electrolytes (London: Royal Society of Chemistry) p 175
    Cui M, Li Z, Zhang J and Feng S 2008 Siloxane-based polymer electrolytes Prog. Chem. 20 1988–96
    Tu Q, Zhang Q, Wang Y, Jiao Y, Xiao J, Peng T and Wang J 2019 Antibacterial properties of poly(dimethylsiloxane) surfaces modified with graphene oxide-catechol composite Prog. Org. Coat. 129 247–53
    Gupta A K, Paliwal D K and Bajaj P 1998 Melting behavior of acrylonitrile polymers J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 70 2703–9
    Brito C A R, Fleming R R, Pardini L C and Alves N P 2013 Poliacrilonitrila: processos de fiaç˜ao empregados na ind´ustria Polímeros 23 764–70
    Zhang H, Armand M and Rojo T 2019 Editors’ choice—review—innovative polymeric materials for better rechargeable batteries: strategies from CIC energigune J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 A679–86
    Wang X, Song Z, Wu H, Nie J, Feng W, Yu H, Huang X, Armand M, Zhou Z and Zhang H 2022 Unprecedented impact of main chain on comb polymer electrolytes performances ChemElectroChem 9 e202101590
    Chen J X, Wang C, Wang G X, Zhou D and Fan L Z 2022 An interpenetrating network polycarbonate-based composite electrolyte for high-voltage all-solid-state lithium-metal batteries Energy Mater. 2 200023
    Zhang H, Chen Y H, Li C M and Armand M 2021 Electrolyte and anode-electrolyte interphase in solid-state lithium metal polymer batteries: a perspective SusMat 1 24–37
    Zhang H, Zhou Z B and Nie J 2013 Recent advances of polymeric ionic liquids Prog. Chem. 25 762–74
    Zhang H, Li L, Feng W F, Zhou Z B and Nie J 2014 Polymeric ionic liquids based on ether functionalized ammoniums and perfluorinated sulfonimides Polymer 55 3339–48
    Zhang H, Liu C Y, Zheng L P, Feng W F, Zhou Z B and Nie J 2015 Solid polymer electrolyte comprised of lithium salt/ether functionalized ammonium-based polymeric ionic liquid with bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide Electrochim. Acta 159 93–101
    Eshetu G G, Mecerreyes D, Forsyth M, Zhang H and Armand M 2019 Polymeric ionic liquids for lithium-based rechargeable batteries Mol. Syst. Des. Eng. 4 294–309
    Aldalur I, Armand M and Zhang H 2020 Jeffamine-based polymers for rechargeable batteries Batteries Supercaps 3 30–46
    Benrabah D, Sanchez J Y and Armand M 1992 New polyamide-ether electrolytes Electrochim. Acta 37 1737–41
    Aldalur I, Zhang H, Piszcz M, Oteo U, Rodriguez-Martinez L M, Shanmukaraj D, Rojo T and Armand M 2017 Jeffamine® based polymers as highly conductive polymer electrolytes and cathode binder materials for battery application J. Power Sources 347 37–46
    Aldalur I, Martinez-Ibañez M, Piszcz M, Rodriguez-Martinez L M, Zhang H and Armand M 2018 Lowering the operational temperature of all-solid-state lithium polymer cell with highly conductive and interfacially robust solid polymer electrolytes J. Power Sources 383 144–9
    Aldalur I, Martinez-Ibañez M, Krzto´n-Maziopa A, Piszcz M, Armand M and Zhang H 2019 Flowable polymer electrolytes for lithium metal batteries J. Power Sources 423 218–26
    Aldalur I, Martinez-Ibañez M, Piszcz M, Zhang H and Armand M 2018 Self-standing highly conductive solid electrolytes based on block copolymers for rechargeable all-solid-state lithium-metal batteries Batteries Supercaps 1 149–59
    Tan S, Perre E, Gustafsson T and Brandell D 2012 A solid state 3D microbattery based on Cu2Sb nanopillar anodes Solid State Ion. 225 510–2
    Tan S, Walus S, Gustafsson T and Brandell D 2011 3D microbattery electrolyte by self-assembly of oligomers Solid State Ion. 198 26–31
    Aldalur I et al 2020 Nanofiber-reinforced polymer electrolytes toward room temperature solid-state lithium batteries J. Power Sources 448 227424
    Xu H, Xie J, Liu Z, Wang J and Deng Y 2020 Carbonyl-coordinating polymers for high-voltage solid-state lithium batteries: solid polymer electrolytes MRS Energy Sustain. 7 1
    Dukhanin G P, Dumler S A, Sablin A N and Novakov I A 2009 Solid polymeric electrolyte based on poly(ethylene carbonate)-lithium perchlorate system Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 82 243–6
    Ebadi M, Eriksson T, Mandal P, Costa L T, Araujo C M, Mindemark J and Brandell D 2020 Restricted ion transport by plasticizing side chains in polycarbonate-based solid electrolytes Macromolecules 53 764–74
    Meabe L, Peña S R, Martinez-Ibañez M, Zhang Y, Lobato E, Manzano H, Armand M, Carrasco J and Zhang H 2020 Insight into the ionic transport of solid polymer
    Zhang J et al 2015 Safety-reinforced poly(propylene carbonate)-based all-solid-state polymer electrolyte for ambient-temperature solid polymer lithium batteries Adv. Energy Mater. 5 1501082
    Kimura K, Yajima M and Tominaga Y 2016 A highly-concentrated poly(ethylene carbonate)-based electrolyte for all-solid-state Li battery working at room temperature Electrochem. Commun. 66 46–48
    Tominaga Y 2017 Ion-conductive polymer electrolytes based on poly(ethylene carbonate) and its derivatives Polym. J. 49 291–9
    Commarieu B, Paolella A, Collin-Martin S, Gagnon C, Vijh A, Guerfi A and Zaghib K 2019 Solid-to-liquid transition of polycarbonate solid electrolytes in Li-metal batteries J. Power Sources 436 226852
    Buchheit A, Grünebaum M, Teßmer B, Winter M and Wiemhöfer H-D 2021 Polycarbonate-based lithium salt-containing electrolytes: new insights into thermal stability J. Phys. Chem. C 125 4371–8
    Wang C, Zhang H, Li J, Chai J, Dong S and Cui G 2018 The interfacial evolution between polycarbonate-based polymer electrolyte and Li-metal anode J. Power Sources 397 157–61
    Thomas K E, Sloop S E, Kerr J B and Newman J 2000 Comparison of lithium-polymer cell performance with unity and nonunity transference numbers J. Power Sources 89 132–8
    Feng S W, Shi D Y, Liu F, Zheng L P, Nie J, Feng W F, Huang X J, Armand M and Zhou Z B 2013 Single lithium-ion conducting polymer electrolytes based on poly[(4-styrenesulfonyl)(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide] anions Electrochim. Acta 93 254–63
    Ma Q et al 2016 Single lithium-ion conducting polymer electrolytes based on a super-delocalized polyanion Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55 2521–5
    Zhang H, Li C M, Piszcz M, Coya E, Rojo T, Rodriguez-Martinez L M, Armand M and Zhou Z B 2017 Single lithium-ion conducting solid polymer electrolytes: advances and perspectives Chem. Soc. Rev. 46 797–815
    Stephan A M, Prem Kumar T, Angulakshmi N, Salini P S, Sabarinathan R, Srinivasan A and Thomas S 2011 Influence of calix[2]-p-benzo[4]pyrrole on the electrochemical properties of poly(ethylene oxide)-based electrolytes for lithium batteries J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 120 2215–21
    Li S, Zhang S Q, Shen L, Liu Q, Ma J B, Lv W, He Y B and Yang Q H 2020 Progress and perspective of ceramic/ polymer composite solid electrolytes for lithium batteries Adv. Sci. 7 1903088
    Zhang D, Xu X, Qin Y, Ji S, Huo Y, Wang Z, Liu Z, Shen J and Liu J 2020 Recent progress in organic–inorganic composite solid electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium batteries Chemistry 26 1720–36
    Tsuchida E, Ohno H and Kobayashi N 1988 Single-ion conduction in poly[(oligo(oxyethylene)methacrylate)- co-(alkali-metal methacrylates)] Macromo co-(alkali-metal methacrylates)] Macromolecules 21 96–100
    Bannister D J, Davies G R, Ward I M and McIntyre J E 1984 Ionic conductivities for poly(ethylene oxide) complexes with lithium salts of monobasic and dibasic acids and blends of poly(ethylene oxide) with lithium salts of anionic polymers Polymer 25 1291–6
    Kobayashi N, Uchiyama M and Tsuchida E 1985 Poly[lithium methacrylate-co-oligo(oxyethylene) methacrylate] as a solid electrolyte with high ionic conductivity Solid State Ion. 17 307–11
    Kim H-T and Park J-K 1997 Effects of cations on ionic states of poly(oligo-oxyethylene methacrylate-co-alkali metal acrylamidocaproate) single-ion conductor Solid State Ion. 98 237–44
    Zhang S, Deng Z and Wan G 1991 Cationic conductivity of blend complexes composed of poly[oligo(oxyethylene) methacrylate] and the alkali metal salts of poly(sulfoalkyl methacrylate) Polym. J. 23 73–78
    Park C H, Sun Y-K and Kim D-W 2004 Blended polymer electrolytes based on poly(lithium 4-styrene sulfonate) for the rechargeable lithium polymer batteries Electrochim. Acta 50 375–8
    Doyle R P, Chen X R, Macrae M, Srungavarapu A, Smith L J, Gopinadhan M, Osuji C O and Granados-Focil S 2014 Poly(ethylenimine)-based polymer blends as single-ion lithium conductors Macromolecules 47 3401–8
    Sun X G, Hou J and Kerr J B 2005 Comb-shaped single ion conductors based on polyacrylate ethers and lithium alkyl sulfonate Electrochim. Acta 50 1139–47
    Cowie J and Spence G 1999 Novel single ion, comb-branched polymer electrolytes Solid State Ion. 123 233–42
    Bouchet R et al 2013 Single-ion BAB triblock copolymers as highly efficient electrolytes for lithium-metal batteries Nat. Mater. 12 452–7
    Meziane R, Bonnet J P, Courty M, Djellab K and Armand M 2011 Single-ion polymer electrolytes based on a delocalized polyanion for lithium batteries Electrochim. Acta 57 14–19
    Ma Q, Xia Y, Feng W, Nie J, Hu Y-S, Li H, Huang X, Chen L, Armand M and Zhou Z 2016 Impact of the functional group in the polyanion of single lithium-ion conducting polymer electrolytes on the stability of lithium metal electrodes RSC Adv. 6 32454–61
    Tsuchida E, Ohno H, Kobayashi N and Ishizaka H 1989 Poly[(ι-carboxy)oligo(oxyethylene) methacrylate] as a new type of polymeric solid electrolyte for alkali-metal ion transport Macromolecules 22 1771–5
    Tong B, Wang J W, Liu Z J, Ma L P, Zhou Z B and Peng Z Q 2018 Identifying compatibility of lithium salts with LiFePO4 cathode using a symmetric cell J. Power Sources 384 80–85
    Porcarelli L, Sutton P, Bocharova V, Aguirresarobe R H, Zhu H, Goujon N, Leiza J R, Sokolov A, Forsyth M and Mecerreyes D 2021 Single-ion conducting polymer nanoparticles as functional fillers for solid electrolytes in lithium metal batteries ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 13 54354–62
  • 加载中



    Article Metrics

    Article Views(65) PDF downloads(44)
    Article Statistics
    Related articles from


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint