Volume 3 Issue 2
June  2024
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Liliang Shao, Rongsheng Bai, Yanxue Wu, Jing Zhou, Xing Tong, Hailong Peng, Tao Liang, Zongzhen Li, Qiaoshi Zeng, Bo Zhang, Haibo Ke, Weihua Wang. Critical state-induced emergence of superior magnetic performances in an iron-based amorphous soft magnetic composite[J]. Materials Futures, 2024, 3(2): 025301. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ad2ae8
Citation: Liliang Shao, Rongsheng Bai, Yanxue Wu, Jing Zhou, Xing Tong, Hailong Peng, Tao Liang, Zongzhen Li, Qiaoshi Zeng, Bo Zhang, Haibo Ke, Weihua Wang. Critical state-induced emergence of superior magnetic performances in an iron-based amorphous soft magnetic composite[J]. Materials Futures, 2024, 3(2): 025301. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ad2ae8
Paper •

Critical state-induced emergence of superior magnetic performances in an iron-based amorphous soft magnetic composite

© 2024 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory
Materials Futures, Volume 3, Number 2
  • Received Date: 2023-12-14
  • Accepted Date: 2024-02-20
  • Publish Date: 2024-03-05
  • Soft magnetic composites (SMCs) play a pivotal role in the development of high-frequency, miniaturization and complex forming of modern electronics. However, they usually suffer from a trade-off between high magnetization and good magnetic softness (high permeability and low core loss). In this work, utilizing the order modulation strategy, a critical state in a FeSiBCCr amorphous soft magnetic composite (ASMC), consisting of massive crystal-like orders (CLOs, ∼1 nm in size) with the feature of α-Fe, is designed. This critical-state structure endows the amorphous powder with the enhanced ferromagnetic exchange interactions and the optimized magnetic domains with uniform orientation and fewer micro-vortex dots. Superior comprehensive soft magnetic properties at high frequency emerge in the ASMC, such as a high saturation magnetization (Ms) of 170 emu g−1 and effective permeability (μe) of 65 combined with a core loss (Pcv) as low as 70 mW cm−3 (0.01 T, 1 MHz). This study provides a new strategy for the development of high-frequency ASMCs, possessing suitable comprehensive soft magnetic performance to match the requirements of the modern magnetic devices used in the third-generation semiconductors and new energy fields.

  • loading
  • [1]
    Gutfleisch O, Willard M A, Bruck E, Chen C H, Sankar S G and Liu J P 2011 Magnetic materials and devices for the 21st century: stronger, lighter, and more energy efficient Adv. Mater. 23 821–42
    Han L L, Maccari F, Filho I R S, Peter N J, Wei Y, Gault B, Gutfleisch O, Li Z M and Raabe D 2022 A mechanically strong and ductile soft magnet with extremely low coercivity Nature 608 310–6
    Silveyra J M, Ferrara E, Huber D L and Monson T C 2018 Soft magnetic materials for a sustainable and electrified world Science 362 eaao0195
    Krings A, Boglietti A, Cavagnino A and Sprague S 2017 Soft magnetic material status and trends in electric machines IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 64 2405–14
    Shokrollahi H and Janghorban K 2007 Soft magnetic composite materials (SMCs) J. Mater. Process. Technol. 189 1–12
    Perigo E A, Weidenfeller B, Kollar P and Fuzer J 2018 Past, present, and future of soft magnetic composites Appl. Phys. Rev. 5 031301
    Li W, Cai H, Kang Y, Ying Y, Yu J, Zheng J, Qiao L, Jiang Y and Che S L 2019 High permeability and low loss bioinspired soft magnetic composites with nacre-like structure for high frequency applications Acta Mater. 167 267–74
    Liu D, Wu C, Yan M and Wang J 2018 Correlating the microstructure, growth mechanism and magnetic properties of FeSiAl soft magnetic composites fabricated via HNO3 oxidation Acta Mater. 146 294–303
    Jiang C Q, Li X R, Ghosh S S, Zhao H, ShenY F and Long T 2020 Nanocrystalline powder cores for high-power high-frequency power electronics applications IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 35 10821–30
    Lu S, Wang M and Zhao Z 2023 Recent advances and future developments in Fe-based amorphous soft magnetic composites J. Non-Cryst. Solids 616 122440
    Chang C T, Dong Y Q, Liu M, Guo H Q, Xiao Q and Zhang Y F 2018 Low core loss combined with high permeability for Fe-based amorphous powder cores produced by gas atomization powders J. Alloys Compd. 766 959–63
    Zhou B, Dong Y Q, Liu L, Chi Q, Zhang Y Q, Chang L, Bi F Q and Wang X M 2019 The core-shell structured Fe-based amorphous magnetic powder cores with excellent magnetic properties Adv. Powder Technol. 30 1504–12
    Nakahara S, Perigo E A, Yamada Y P, Hazan Y and Graule T 2010 Electric insulation of a FeSiBC soft magnetic amorphous powder by a wet chemical method: identification of the oxide layer and its thickness control Acta Mater. 58 5695–703
    Li H X, Lu Z C, Wang S L, Wu Y and Lu Z P 2019 Fe-based bulk metallic glasses: glass formation, fabrication, properties and applications Prog. Mater. Sci. 103 235–318
    Spano M L, Hathaway K B and Savage H T 1982 Magnetostriction and magnetic-anisotropy of fiel annealed METGLASS 2605 alloys via DC M-H loop measurements under stress J. Appl. Phys. 53 2667–9
    Wang R, He Y H, Kong H, Wang J, Wu Z Y and Wang H C 2022 Influence of sintering temperature on heterogeneous-interface structural evolution and magnetic properties of Fe-Si soft magnetic powder cores Ceram. Int. 48 29854–61
    Huang Y et al 2022 Polydopamine/polyethyleneimine enhanced Fe-based amorphous powder cores with improved magnetic properties J. Alloys Compd. 920 165889
    Zhang Y Q et al 2020 Poly-para-xylylene enhanced Fe-based amorphous powder cores with improved soft magnetic properties via chemical vapor deposition Mater. Design 191 108650
    Li X S, Zhou J, Shen L Q, Sun B A, Bai H Y and Wang W H 2022 Exceptionally high saturation magnetic flux density and ultralow coercivity via an amorphous-nanocrystalline transitional microstructure in an FeCo-based alloy Adv. Mater. 35 2205863
    Lashgari H R, Chu D, Xie S, Sun H, Ferry M and Li S 2014 Composition dependence of the microstructure and soft magnetic properties of Fe-based amorphous/nanocrystalline alloys: a review study J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391 61–82
    Cheng Y Q and Ma E 2011 Atomic-level structure and structure-property relationship in metallic glasses Prog. Mater. Sci. 56 379–473
    Wang C, Wu Z, Feng X, Li Z, Gu Y, Zhang Y, Tan X and Xu H 2020 The effects of magnetic field annealing on the magnetic properties and microstructure of Fe80Si9B11 amorphous alloys Intermetallics 118 106689
    Jiang M F, Cai M J, Zhou J, Di S Y, Li X S, Luo Q and Shen B L 2023 Superior high-frequency performances of Fe-based soft-magnetic nanocrystalline alloys Mater. Today Nano 22 100307
    Suzuki K and Herzer G 2012 Magnetic-field-induced anisotropies and exchange softening in Fe-rich nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys Scr. Mater. 67 548–53
    McHenry M E, Willard M A and Laughlin D E 1999 Amorphous and nanocrystalline materials for applications as soft magnets Prog. Mater. Sci. 44 291–433
    Li F C, Liu T, Zhang J Y, Shuang S, Wang Q, Wang A D, Wang J G and Yang Y 2019 Amorphous-nanocrystalline alloys: fabrication, properties, and applications Mater. Today Adv. 4 100027
    Hono K, Hiraga K and Wang Q 1992 Inoue A and Sakurai T 1992 The microstructure evolution of a Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 nanocrystalline soft magnetic material Acta Metall. Mater. 40 2137–47
    Yoshizawa Y, Oguma S and Yamauchi K 1988 New Fe-based soft magnetic-alloys composed of ultrafine grain-structure J. Appl. Phys. 64 6044–6
    Zhang J Y, Zhou Z, Q, Zhang Z B, Park M H, Yu Q, Li Z, Ma J, Wang A D, Huang H, G and Song M 2022 Recent development of chemically complex metallic glasses: from accelerated compositional design, additive manufacturing to novel applications Mater. Futures 1 012001
    Li H, Wang A D, Liu T, Chen P, He A, Li Q, Luan J H and Liu C-T 2021 Design of Fe-based nanocrystalline alloys with superior magnetization and manufacturability Mater. Today 42 49–56
    Nieves P, Tranchida J, Arapan S and Legut D 2021 Spin-lattice model for cubic crystals Phys. Rev. B 103 094437
    Tranchida J, Plimpton S J, Thibaudeau P and Thompson A P 2018 Massively parallel symplectic algorithm for coupled magnetic spin dynamics and molecular dynamics J. Comput. Phys. 372 406–25
    Chamati H, Papanicolaou N I, Mishin Y and Papaconstantopoulos D A 2006 Embedded-atom potential for Fe and its application to self-diffusion on Fe(100) Surf. Sci. 600 1793–803
    Plimpton S 1995 Fast parallel algorithms for short-range molecular dynamics J. Comput. Phys. 117 1–19
    Nieves P, Tranchida J, Nikolov S, Fraile A and Legut D 2022 Atomistic simulations of magnetoelastic effects on sound velocity Phys. Rev. B 105 134430
    Beaujouan D, Thibaudeau P and Barreteau C 2012 Anisotropic magnetic molecular dynamics of cobalt nanowires Phys. Rev. B 86 174409
    Wang J, Jiang P, Yuan F P and Wu X L 2022 Chemical medium-range order in a medium-entropy alloy Nat. Commun. 13 1021
    Elliott S R 1991 Medium-range structural order in covalent amorphous solids Nature 354 445–52
    Sarac B, Ivanov Y P, Chuvilin A, Schoeberl T, Stoica M, Zhang Z and Eckert J 2018 Origin of large plasticity and multiscale effects in iron-based metallic glasses Nat. Commun. 9 1333
    Zhou J, Wang Q, Zeng Q, Yin K, Wang A D, Luan J H, Sun L T and Shen B L 2021 A plastic FeNi-based bulk metallic glass and its deformation behavior J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 76 20–32
    Luo Q, Li D H, Cai M J, Di S Y, Zhang Z G, Zeng Q S, Wang Q Q and Shen B L 2022 Excellent magnetic softness-magnetization synergy and suppressed defect activation in soft magnetic amorphous alloys by magnetic field annealing J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 116 72–82
    Herzer G 2013 Modern soft magnets: amorphous and nanocrystalline materials Acta Mater. 61 718–34
    Herzer G 1992 Nanocrystalline soft magnetic-materials J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 112 258–62
    Kollar P, Bircakova Z, Fuzer J, Bures R and Faberova M 2013 Power loss separation in Fe-based composite materials J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 327 146–50
    Kollar P, Oleksakova D, Vojtek V, Fuzer J, Faberova M and Bures R 2017 Steinmetz law for ac magnetized iron-phenolformaldehyde resin soft magnetic composites J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 424 245–50
    Taghvaei A H, Shokrollahi H, Janghorban K and Abiri H 2009 Eddy current and total power loss separation in the iron-phosphate-polyepoxy soft magnetic composites Mater. Design 30 3989–95
    Zhang Y Q et al 2020 Novel Fe-based amorphous compound powder cores with enhanced DC bias performance by adding FeCo alloy powder J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 507 166840
    Xia C, Peng Y D, Yi X W, Yao Z X, Zhu Y Y and Hu G 2021 Improved magnetic properties of FeSiCr amorphous soft magnetic composites by adding carbonyl iron powder J. Non-Cryst. Solids 559 120673
    Woo H J, Ahn J H, Kim C P, Choi D H, Kim S and Lee B W 2022 Effect of the particle size classification of FeSiCrB amorphous soft magnetic composites to improve magnetic properties of power inductors J. Non-Cryst. Solids 577 121309
    Ma R, Chang L, Dong Y Q, Ye S L, Si J J, Yao K F and Yu P 2022 Magnetic properties of soft magnetic composites fabricated by injection molding of bimodal amorphous Fe73Si11B11C3Cr2 and crystalline Fe50Co50 powders Powder Technol. 397 116986
    Chi Q et al 2021 Enhanced high frequency properties of FeSiBPC amorphous soft magnetic powder cores with novel insulating layer Adv. Powder Technol. 32 1602–10
    Flohrer S, Schaefer R, McCord J, Roth S, Schultz L and Herzer G 2006 Magnetization loss and domain refinement in nanocrystalline tape wound cores Acta Mater. 54 3253–9
    Li X B, Dong Y Q, Wu S D, Zhao R L, Ding Q, Jia X J, He A N, Li J W and Liu X C 2022 Evolution of magnetic domain structure and magnetic properties of Fe-based nanocrystalline powder cores during transverse magnetic field annealing Adv. Powder Technol. 33 103823
    Cai M J, Wang J J, Wang Q Q, Guo Z J, Luo Q, Zhou J, Liang T, Li X S, Zeng Q S and Shen B L 2023 Improvement of soft-magnetic properties for Fe-based amorphous alloys with high saturation polarization by stress annealing Mater. Res. Lett. 11 595–603
    Liu J S, Wang X F, Li Z, Zhang Y, Cao G Y, Huang M F and Shen H X 2019 Oil-medium current annealing enhanced giant magneto-impedance properties of Co-based metallic microfibers for magnetic sensor applications Mater. Today Commun. 20 100605
  • mfad2ae8supp1.pdf
  • 加载中



    Article Metrics

    Article Views(308) PDF downloads(163)
    Article Statistics
    Related articles from


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint